Our first unit for Grade 6 science is: ‘Structure & Properties of Matter’. Along with learning about matter and its properties, students will become familiar with various lab equipment and lab safety measures. This will allow them to learn about the measurements of matter’s properties and focus on accuracy and the ‘Standard System of Measurement’. The Metric System is used throughout the scientific community, and the students will practice and use it throughout the year. Further into the unit, we will investigate changes in temperature and states of matter. Throughout our unit we focus on inquiry based learning. Following are the learning targets for this unit. Students will be able to:
Make and write detailed observations
Explain that matter has characteristic properties
Make accurate metric measurements of properties(mass, length, volume)
Successfully collect, organize, and explain scientific data
Investigate and explain changes in temperature and state of matter.
Ask effective questions that lead to further investigation.
Clearly communicate the findings of their investigations
The Ecosystem in a jar experiment is a perfect setup to find out how nature manages to keep a balance. It will also show you how difficult it is to keep that balance and therefore how important it is to not upset ecosystems- which we human beings seem to do too often!
For this investigation, you will record your observations on: 1) The jar 2) Water conditions 3) Gravel 4) Plant 5) Fish 6) Snail , over a period of three weeks.
Answer the following questions in your notebook:
- What biotic and abiotic factors exist in this closed ecosytem?
- What can you infer about the relationship that will develop between the organisms in the jar?
- What do you predict will happen over a time period of 3 weeks in the jar ecosystem?
- Identifies the components of an ecosystem.
- Understands the interactions and relationships between species in an ecosystem (e.g. prey, predator, and symbiosis)
- Identify the components of an ecosystem (Biotic and Abiotic)
- Explain the inter connectedness amongst producers, consumer, and decomposers.
- Describe the flow of energy in ecosystems.
- Understand the interdependent relationships in an ecosystem.
- Understand the variety of ways humans impact the ecosystems.